لغات مهم مبحث ” Countryside and agriculture”
مهم ترین و ضروری ترین مباحثی که در رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ آیلتس مطرح میشود را میتوان در 10 بخش بررسی نمود.
این بخش از لغات آیلتسی سایت مهم ترین وکاربردی ترین کلمات مباحث ضروری را در یک درس جداگانه از لغات آیلتسی مورد بررسی قرار می دهد.
برای مثال در ادامه، لغات مهم مبحث ” Countryside and agriculture” را خواهید دید که تلفظ هر کلمه کنار آن وجود دارد و با کلیک بر روی “تلفظ” میتوانید به تلفظ صحیح آن واژه گوش دهید.
همچنین مثالى مناسب برای استفاده در اسپيكينگ آورده شده است و در پايان مبحث نیز يك رايتينگ تسك 2 كامل با كل كلمات آموزش داده شده اين مبحث برای یادگیری کاربردی هر یک ازاین لغات هم در اسپیکینگ و هم در رایتینگ می باشد.
لازم به ذکر است این دروس قابل استفاده براى همه زبان اموزان بالای سطح متوسط می باشد.
📌 I come from a rural area originally, although these days I live in our capital city.
🔶🔹 a backwater
(جاى دورافتاده و عقب مانده)
📌 I used to live in an agricultural town, but frankly it was such a backwater that I moved to one of the larger cities.
🔶🔹 rural depopulation
(كاهش جمعيت روستانشينى)
📌 Rural depopulation can cause huge problems with local infrastructure, as there aren’t enough people to run the services and transport.
🔶🔹 country dwellers
(افراد مقيم روستا)
📌 My parents were country dwellers when they first married, but now we all live in a coastal town.
📌 The worst problem I experienced in the countryside was a real scarcity of sports events and music festivals.
🔶🔹 rural unemployment
(بيكارى مخصوص روستاييان)
📌 Rural unemployment has been ameliorated by innovative Internet start-ups.
🔶🔹 rural poverty
📌 Rural poverty is a long-term situation exacerbated by lack of infrastructure and training.
🔶🔹 material considerations
📌 You can’t only think of material considerations when deciding who to marry, I feel.
📌 In the mountains, there’s an abundance of wild flowers and goats.
📌 It’s surprising how much wildlife you can see in the suburbs in Australia.
(صنعت رشد و قطع درختان)
📌 When I graduate, I want to work for a responsible forestry company.
🔶🔹 water bodies
(پهنه هاى ابى كشور)
📌 My country is very arid and has almost no water bodies.
🔶🔹 material considerations
(صفت امرار معاش)
📌 Subsistence farmers grow their own food but have little left to sell for profit.
📌 During the war, our country became self-sufficient in crops and fuel.
(مالكان زمين كشاورزى كوچك)
📌 I worked on a project training smallholders in South America in how to lobby politicians for reform.
🔶🔹 to afflict
(مبتلا كردن، دامنگير كردن)
📌 Many forests in my area are afflicted by wood disease which attacks the trees.
🔶🔹 animal husbandry
📌 My sister studied animal husbandry at college and enjoyed it enormously.
🔶🔹 remote viewing
(ديدن مكان ها از راه دور با اينترنت)
📌 I took a remote viewing tour of the Metropolitan Museum in New York, and found it very impressive.
🔶🔹 environmental awareness
(اگاهى محيط زيستى)
📌 Environmental awareness is part of the school curriculum these days for most children.
📌 My fiancé lives in a very far-flung village, but we keep in touch by Skype.
نمونه سوال رایتینگ تسک 2 آیلتس درباره مبحث ” Countryside and agriculture”:
It is sometimes said that the countryside offers a high quality of life, especially for families. What are the arguments for and against families choosing to live and work in the countryside, for example as farmers? What is your own view about this?
نمونه پاسخ نمره 9 به سوال فوق:
There can be few choices in life more important than where to settle as a family, and the question of an urban or rural location is complex. There are strong arguments for and against living in the countryside, as we will discuss now.
On the one hand, it might be said that the countryside is rather a backwater, with fewer cultural amenities than a city in the form of museums, theatres and even sporting events. This may mean that families become isolated, especially as rural depopulation leaves fewer country dwellers in the area, as we see, for example, in central France. Added to this is the scarcity of schools and colleges, meaning that children may need to travel long distances for their education. Finally, career options may be more limited in the countryside for both parents and children, resulting in rural unemployment and long-term rural poverty in the worst cases.
Conversely, life in the countryside has rewards which go beyond material considerations. For example, the abundance of natural resources such as land, wildlife forestry and water bodies means that a comparatively simple life can be lived at a subsistence level. Many country residents are self-sufficient smallholders in this sense, safeguarding them from the changes in the wider economy which can afflict city dwellers. If the parents are farmers, children learn the importance of animal husbandry, methods of farming such as crop rotation and irrigation, and generally may become more in tune with the natural world as a result. Finally, as technology enables children to undertake distance learning or remote viewing of cultural attractions such as museums, they should be less isolated from their cultural heritage.
In conclusion, it seems to me that quality of life in the countryside today is indeed quite high, with its advantages of resources, self-sufficiency and environmental awareness. This is especially true now that communications are reducing the risk of isolation in such far-flung communities.