لغات مهم مبحث”Nature, the environment energy”:
در کل مهم ترین و ضروری ترین مباحثی که در رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ آیلتس مطرح میشود را میتوان در 10 بخش بررسی نمود.
این بخش از لغات آیلتسی سایت به این صورت است که مهم ترین وکاربردی ترین کلمات هر یک از این مباحث ضروری را در یک درس جداگانه از لغات آیلتسی بررسی میکنیم.
برای مثال در ادامه، لغات مبحث “Nature, the environment energy” را خواهید دید که تلفظ هر کلمه کنار ان وجود دارد و با کلیک بر روی “تلفظ” میتوانید به تلفظ صحیح ان واژه گوش دهید. همچنین زير هر كلمه مثالى مناسب برای استفاده در اسپيكينگ آورده شده است و در پايان مبحث نیز يك رايتينگ تسك 2 كامل با كل كلمات آموزش داده شده اين مبحث گذاشته ميشود تا شما کاربرد هر یک ازاین لغات را هم در اسپیکینگ و هم در رایتینگ یاد بگیرید.
لازم به ذکر است این دروس قابل استفاده براى همه زبان اموزان بالای سطح متوسط می باشد.
📌 The atmosphere in large cities is often contaminated by smog, as we can see in China.
🔶🔹 the biosphere
📌 Children should be educated on the biosphere through field trips and practical experiments.
📌 Scientists spend their whole careers studying the effect of emissions on the climate.
🔶🔹 pollutant particles
📌 I remember going to a factory and seeing the snow covered with pollutant particles.
🔶🔹 run-off water
📌 We should try to collect and use more run-off water, to avoid having to recycle water so much.
🔶🔹 the water cycle
📌 Scientists believe the water cycle is responsible for various natural events, especially in coastal areas.
(سفره هاى اب زيرزمينى)
📌 My family have a well which connects to an aquifer, giving very pure water.
📌 The Mediterranean is badly tainted in some areas by sewage pollution.
🔶🔹 soil erosion
📌 Deforestation has increased soil erosion seriously in Brazil.
📌 Logging has endangered many species throughout the world.
📌 In most countries, dumping rubbish is a criminal offence.
📌 In my country, we use waste from cotton manufacture for lighting fires.
(محل هاى دفن زباله)
📌 Surprisingly, Britain still sends most of its domestic waste to landfill sites.
🔶🔹 waste processing
(فرايند مديريت زباله ها)
📌 My brother has a waste processing company, which is subsidised by the local authority.
📌 Elephant poaching should be a much higher priority for the world authorities, as elephants are an endangered species.
🔶🔹 habitat loss
(از دست دادن زيستگاه)
📌 Logging has caused substantial habitat loss for wildlife in many countries.
🔶🔹 food chain
📌 The food chain has been disrupted by the loss of certain species, with widespread impacts on all animals.
🔶🔹 dwindling numbers
📌 States seem to have dwindling funds to pay for animal sanctuaries, although they are still able to pay for government officials and their perks.
📌 Dinosaur extinction may have been caused by a meteor or volcano, but scientists seem unsure about this.
📌 Many singers help make charity songs to raise funds for famine relief.
📌 Drought in central Africa can continue for many years, apparently.
📌 If we want quick solutions to famine, better irrigation and farming methods would probably be the first step.
📌 The continuing destruction of the rain forests is a catastrophe for the global biosphere.
(بدتر كردن/ تشديد كردن)
📌 Famine in Africa has been exacerbated by civil war and political instability.
نمونه سوال رایتینگ تسک 2 آیلتس درباره مبحث “Nature, the environment energy”
Pollution of rivers, lakes and seas is a major concern for people who seek to protect the environment. What are the possible causes of water pollution, and what effects does this have on animal life and human society?
نمونه پاسخ نمره 9 به سوال فوق:
Water contamination is a serious form of pollution, and one that can be challenging to rectify. There seem to be two main causes involved, and a variety of damaging effects on people and the biosphere, which we will discuss here.
Probably the main factor is the issue of emissions from cars, factories and other human activities. These emissions contain damaging pollutant particles which can contaminate rainwater run-off and thus enter the water cycle, by transferring through the water table into aquifers, streams and rivers. Filtration and processing are not really viable options for such large volumes of water, and so the water table remains tainted with these elements over long periods, as we see in Eastern Europe today. In situations where soil erosion and logging have already damaged the local environment, the accumulation can be very serious. The other major cause is accidental or deliberate dumping of waste products in places outside of controlled landfills or waste processing centres. Even small amounts of abandoned waste can enter water supplies through the ground, often undetected.
The effects on animal life can be severe, especially for species which are already endangered by such threats as poaching, habitat loss and food chain disruption. Contaminated water can lead to dwindling numbers or even potential extinction, as may indeed happen to the Asian tiger populations. The impact on human society can also be distressing, including the poisoning of drinking water, famine or drought due to lack of safe irrigation, and long-term loss of land as we see, for example, after the Bhopal poisoning catastrophe in India. Such effects tend to have an especially grave impact on the very poorest in society, with the least resources to counter the environmental effects.
In conclusion, we see that emissions and dumping are the main origins of the problem, and that the effects on both humans and animals are exacerbated by the existing environmental, criminal or social problems.