structure – a building or something else that has been built by humans
* The Space Needle is probably the best-known structure in Seattle, Washington.
architecture – the art and science of designing and creating buildings
* Donald studied architecture as a young man, and he designed many office
buildings in Tustin.
bay window – a large window that pushes out though the wall of a building,
creating an area at the bottom of the window where one can sit, often to enjoy
the view or read a book
* Their dog always jumps onto the bay window to look outside.
column – a tall piece of a building that reaches from the floor to the ceiling and
supports the weight of the roof or any upper floors
* Traditional Greek architecture uses a lot of columns.
beam – a long piece of a building that reaches across the room from one wall to
another along the ceiling
* There was a big earthquake here, but fortunately, none of the beams fell down.
dome – a round roof on a building
* The state capitol building has a beautiful dome with a statue on top.
cornice – decorative plaster or wood that is placed inside a building at the top of
a wall, near the ceiling
* Many older homes in this area have beautiful cornices, but most of the new
construction has only plain, flat walls.
skylight – a window in the ceiling that is designed to let light in
* If we had a skylight in this room, we wouldn’t have to turn on the lights during
facade – the front of a building; the way that a building appears from the street
* Some movies show streets with many buildings, but they’re only facades that
were created by the movie producers.
balance – equilibrium; a combination of two or more things in equal amounts, or
in amounts that make sense, so that one thing does not overpower another
* Her new book is a good balance of serious reporting and light humor.
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